During pregnancy, many hormone levels are affected in the body. This is because of the change in the hormonal level of the mother. Among them, Estrogen is a main female hormone that is responsible for making women feminine
What is Estrogen and why it's important?
Estrogens are a group of sex hormones in females. They include estrone (E1), estradiol (E2), estriol (E3) and estetrol (E4), they’re produced by the ovaries, the adrenal gland, and the placenta.
Estrogen plays a major role in the development of female reproductive organs, such as breasts, ovaries, uterus, and vagina. This hormone is also responsible for regulating the body's fat levels and metabolism.
Low Estrogen & its symptoms
Estrogen is a female hormone that is produced by the ovaries. In women, estrogen plays a role in bone density, bone growth, and egg development. Inadequate estrogen levels can cause symptoms such as:
- Infrequent or disrupted periods
- Hot flashes and/or night sweats
- Sleeping issues
- Decreased sexual desire
- Mood swings
- Dry skin
- Menstrual migraines
High estrogen & its symptoms
Estrogen is one of the hormones that can cause weight gain. Excess estrogen levels can cause a lot of problems in women. It is commonly associated with the following symptoms:
- Weight gain
- An increase in the risk of endometrial cancer
- Polycystic ovary syndrome
- Changes in your period
- Decreased sex drive
- Anxiety or depression
How do normal Estrogen levels change with age?
The estrogen levels are low during pregnancy and high during menopause. You can also say that Estrogen levels change throughout the menstrual cycle, but they usually remain fairly stable during the reproductive years. For women who have reached menopause, however, the amount of estrogen in their bodies can drop dramatically. This is because estrogen levels naturally decrease with age.
Why you need a test for Estrogen level?
Estrogen is one of the most important hormones for women, and it’s also a factor in menopause. Having your estrogen levels tested can help you determine:
- if you’re on the right birth control
- if you’re experiencing any side effects
- how much estrogen you’re producing
- check for signs of pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS)
- It can also help you find out if you need a prescription for a certain hormone replacement therapy (HRT).